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רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר בֶּן חִסְמָא אוֹמֵר, קִנִּין וּפִתְחֵי נִדָּה, הֵן הֵן גּוּפֵי הֲלָכוֹת. תְּקוּפוֹת וְגִימַטְרִיאוֹת, פַּרְפְּרָאוֹת לַחָכְמָה

“R. Elazar Chismah said, “Astronomy and Gematria are seasonings (parparot) of wisdom.”
Pirkei Avot 3:18

1

  • Gematria of Aleph – א

2

  • Gematria of Beit – ב

3

  • Gematria of Gimel – ג
  • Av (Father) – אב
  • Bo (Come) – בא 

4

  • Gematria of Dalet – ד
  • A dalet is a delet (door)
  • Abba – אבא

5

  • Gematria of Hei – ה
  • This world was created with the Letter Hei (Genesis 2:4)
  • Letter added to the name of:
    • Avram/Avraham – Genesis 17:5
    • Sarai/Sarah – Genesis 17:5
    • Yosef/Yehosef – Psalm 81:5

6

  • Gematria of Vav – ו
  • Number of Man

7

  • Gematria of Zayin – ז
  • Dag (Fish) – דג

8

  • Gematria of Chet – ח
  • First letter of Chai (Life)

9

  • Gematria of Tet – ט

10

  • Gematria of Yud – י
  • First letter of HaShem’s Name
  • 10 Commandments
  • 10 Sefirot
  • 10 Words of Creation
  • 10 Plagues

12

  • Vav – וו
  • 12 Tribes of Israel
  • 12 Disciples of Yeshua

13

  • Ahavah (Love) – אהבה
  • Echad (One) – אחד
  • 13 Middot of HaShem
  • 13 Tribes of Israel (11 + Yosef = Ephraim and Menashe)
  • 12 Disciples + 1 Yeshua

14

  • Dai (Enough!) – די
  • David – דוד
  • Hand – יד
  • Zahav (Gold) – זהב

18

  • Chai (Life) – חי
  • The Amidah has 18 Benedictions, hence it is called Shemoneh Esrei (18).

20

  • Gematria of Kaf – כ
  • Yud – יוד

26

  • HaShem – י־ה־ו־ה

30

  • Gematria of Lamed – ל

32

  • Lev (Heart) – לב
  • Lamed-Beit – The First and Last Letters of the Torah
  • Glory – כבוד
  • 32 Paths of Wisdom
  • 8 strings of tzitzit multiplied by 4 corners = 32

36

  • There are 36 Tzaddikim Nistarim – Hidden Righteous Ones, the Lamed-Vavniks

40

  • Gematria of Mem – מ
  • 40 Weeks of Gestation in the Womb
  • 40 Days of Fasting – (Moshe, Eliyahu, Yeshua)
  • 40 Days of Rain during the Flood
  • 40 Years of Wandering

45

  • Adam – אדם
    Notarikon of Adam, David, Mashiach
  • The Hand of HaShem – היד י-ה-ו-ה
  • Meod (Very) – מאד
  • Lot – לוט 
  • He is your father – אביך הוא

50

  • Gematria of Nun – נ

52

  • Ben (Son) – בן
  • Eliyahu – אליהו
  • HaShem-HaShem – י־ה־ו־ה

58

  • Noach – נח
  • Chen (Grace) – חן

60

  • Gematria of Samek – ס

70

  • Gematria of Ayin – ע
  • Gog u’Magog – גוג ומגוג
  • Sod (Secret) – סוד
  • Yayin (Wine) – יין

80

  • Gematria of Peh – פ

90

  • Gematria of Tzade – צ
  • Mayim (Water) – מים

91

  • Amein – אמן
    • Amein is a notarikon of ‘El Melech Ne’eman’ (God, the Faithful King) – אל מלך נאמן
  • Ephod – אפוד
  • Malach (Angel) – מלאך

100

  • Gematria of Quf – ק
  • Lekh-Lekha – לך לך
  • Age of Avraham when Yitzhak was born

130

  • Kol (Voice) – קל
  • Sinai – סיני
  • Sulam (Ladder) – סלם
  • “This refers to the Throne of Glory” – זה כסא הכבוד

138

  • Tzemach (Branch) – צמח
  • Menachem (Comforter) – מנחם
  • Nes Gadol Haya Poh (A Great Miracle Happened Here, the Four Letters on a Dreidel within the Land of Israel) – נגהפ

144

  • Kedem (Ancient, East) – קדם

153

156

  • Yosef – יוסף
  • Zion – ציון
  • Bird – עוף

200

  • Gematria of Resh – ר

204

  • Tzaddik – צדיק
  • Tzitz Zahav (Golden Crown) – ציץ זהב

207

  • Ohr (Light) – אור
  • Ein Sof (Infinity) – אין סוף

240

  • Amalek – עמלק
  • Safek (Doubt) – ספק

248

  • Abraham – אברהם
  • There are 248 positive commandments in the Torah.
  • There are 248 words in the Shma Yisrael prayer.

300

  • Gematria of Shin – ש

314

  • Metatron – מטטרון
  • Shaddai – שדי

316

  • Yeshu – ישו
  • Tree of Yosef – עץ יוסף
  • Yosef my son is still alive – עוד יוסף בני חי
  • The Man –  האיש
  • Behold a Ram Behind (Gen 22) – והנה איל אחר
  • For I am poor and needy (Psalm 109:22) – כי עני ואביון אנכי

345

  • Moshe – משה
  • Shiloh – שילה
  • El Shaddai – אל שדי
  • The Egyptian – המצרי

358

  • Mashiach (Messiah) –  משיח
  • Ohr HaOlam (Light of the World) – אור העולם
  • Eved Ivri (Hebrew Servant) – עבד עברי
  • Choshen (Breastplate) – חשן
  • HaNavi al kol am Yehuda (the prophet unto all the people of Judah) – הנביא על כל עם יהודה
  • HaShem Melech, HaShem Malakh, HaShem Yimlokh (HaShem reigned, HaShem reigns, HaShem will reign) – י־ה־ו־ה מלך, יּ־ה־ו־ה מלך, י־ה־ו־ה ימלך
  • Melech b’Chevron (King in Hebron) – מלך בחברון
  • Nachash (Snake) – נחש
  • Nes Gadol Haya Sham (A Great Miracle Happened There, the Four Letters on a Dreidel outside the Land of Israel) – נגהש
  • Yavo Shiloh (Shiloh will come) – יבא שילה
  • Yismach (Will be Joyous) – ישמח
  • He reached out, Shlach Yado (literally, he sent his hand) – שלח ידו

364

  • Hasatan (The Adversary) – השטן
    Permission is given this angel to accuse 364 days of the year, but not on Yom Kippur (Yoma 20a)

365

  • There are 365 days in a year
  • There are 365 negative commandments in the Torah

376

  • Esav – עשו
  • Shalom (Peace) – שלום
  • Tzippor – צפור
  • Zehu Mashiach (This one is Mashiach) – זהו משיח

386

  • Yeshua – ישוע
  • David ben Yishai – דוד בן ישי
  • The Clean Bird – העוף הטהור
  • The Spirit of HaShem upon David from that Day – רוח י-ה-ו-ה אל דוד מהיום
  • King of the Earth – מלך הארץ
  • In HaShem’s Mashiach – במשיח י-ה-ו-ה
  • Royal City – עיר המלוכה
  • Tzippor (spelled in full), Bird – ציפור

391

  • Ezra-Nehemiah – עזרע נחמיה
  • Yehoshua – יהושע

400

  • Gematria of Tav – ת

566

  • Mashiach ben Yosef – משיח בן יוסף
  • Sod (Secret) in Milui form – סמך וו דלת = סוד

600

  • Tzitzit – ציצית
    + 5 double knots and 8 strings = 613

611

  • Torah – תורה

613

  • Moshe Rabbeinu (Moses our Teacher) – משה רבינו
  • Et HaOhr (et ‘The Light’) – את האור
  • HaShem Elokei Israel – י-ה-ו-ה אלהי ישראל

666

  • Caesar Nero – נרון קסר

741

  • Keren yeshuah (horn of salvation) – קרן ישועה
  • Mashiach ben Ephraim – משיח בן אפרים

744

  • David ben Yishai, Mashiach – דוד בן ישי, משיח
  • Mashiach ben David, Na’ar – משיח בן דוד, נער

747

  • Moshe ben Amram – משה בן אמרם

999

  • Metatron Sar HaPanim (Metatron the Prince of the Face) – מטטרון שר הפנים
    This is the inverse of 666.

1031

  • “This refers to the spirit of the King Messiah” – זה היא רוחו של מלך המשיח
  • “And God said Let Us Make Man in Our Image” – ויאמר אלהים נעשה אדם בצלמנו

1034

  • “And the Spirit of God hovered over the waters” – ורוח אלהים מרחפת

 

METHODS

  • Mispar Hechrachi – (absolute value) that uses full numerical value of the 22 letters. Sometimes it is also called Mispar ha-Panim (face number), as opposed to the more complicated Mispar ha-Akhor (back number).
  • Mispar Gadol  counts the final forms (sofit) of the Hebrew letters as a continuation of the numerical sequence for the alphabet, with the final letters assigned values from 500 to 900. The same name, Mispar ha-Gadol, is also used for another method, which spells the name of each letter and adds the standard values of the resulting string.
  • Mispar Katan – calculates the value of each letter, but truncates all of the zeros. It is also sometimes called Mispar Me’ugal.
  • Mispar Siduri –  (ordinal value) with each of the twenty-two letters given a value from one to twenty-two.
  • Mispar Bone’eh – (building value, also Revu’a, square) is calculated by walking over each letter from the beginning to the end, adding the value of all previous letters and the value of the current letter to the running total. Therefore, the value of the word achat (one) is 1 + (1 + 8) + (1 + 8 + 4) = 23.
  • Mispar Kidmi (triangular value) uses each letter as the sum of all the standard gematria letter values preceding it. Therefore, the value of Aleph is 1, the value of Bet is 1 + 2 = 3, the value of Gimmel is 1+2+3=6, etc. It’s also known as Mispar Meshulash (triangular or tripled number).
  • Mispar P’rati –  calculates the value of each letter as the square of its standard gematria value. Therefore, the value of Aleph is 1 × 1 = 1, the value of Bet is 2 × 2 = 4, the value of gimmel is 3 × 3 = 9, etc. It’s also known as Mispar ha-Merubah ha-Prati’.
  • Mispar ha-Merubah ha-Klali –  is the square of the standard absolute value of each word.
  • Mispar Meshulash – calculates the value of each letter as the cube of their standard value. The same term is more often used for Mispar Kidmi.
  • Mispar ha-Akhor – The value of each letter is its standard value multiplied by the position of the letter in a word or a phrase in either ascending or descending order. This method is particularly interesting, because the result is sensitive to the order of letters. It is also sometimes called Mispar Meshulash (triangular number).
  • Mispar Mispari – spells out the standard values of each letter by their Hebrew names (“Achad” (one) is 1+8+4=13 etc.), and then adds up the standard values of the resulting string.
  • Mispar Shemi – (also Millui letter “filling”), uses the value of each letter as equal to the value of its name.For example, the value of the letter Aleph is (1 + 30 + 80) = 111, Bet is (2 + 10 + 400) = 412, etc. Sometimes the same operation is applied two or more times recursively.
  • Mispar Ne’elam – (hidden number) spells out the name of each letter without the letter itself (e.g. “Leph” for “Aleph”) and adds up the value of the resulting string.
  • Mispar Katan Mispari – (integral reduced value) is used where the total numerical value of a word is reduced to a single digit. If the sum of the value exceeds 9, the integer values of the total are repeatedly added to produce a single-digit number. The same value will be arrived at regardless of whether it is the absolute values, the ordinal values, or the reduced values that are being counted by methods above.
  • Mispar Misafi –  adds the number of the letters in the word or phrase to their gematria.
  • Kolel –  is the number of words, which is often added to the gematria. In case of one word, the standard value is incremented by one.

NOTARIKON – נוטריקון

A method of deriving a word, by using each of its initial (Hebrew: ראשי תיבות) or final (Hebrew: סופי תיבות) letters to stand for another, to form a sentence or idea out of the words. Another variation uses the first and last letters, or the two middle letters of a word, in order to form another word.

Rashi uses notarikon seven times in his pirush (“explanation”) on Chumash:

  • Bereishith (Genesis) 15:2 “וּבַגְּמָרָא שֶׁלָּנוּ דָּרְשׁוּ נוֹטְרִיקוֹן, דּוֹלֶה וּמַשְׁקֶה מִתּוֹרַת רַבּוֹ לַאֲחֵרִים”
  • Bereishith (Genesis) 17:2 “כִּי אַב הֲמוֹן גּוֹיִם. לְשׁוֹן נוֹטְרִיקוֹן שֶׁל שְׁמוֹ”
  • Bereishith (Genesis) 30:2 “וּמִדְרַשׁ אַגָּדָה יֵשׁ רַבִּים בִּלְשׁוֹן נוֹטָרִיקוֹן”
  • Bereishith (Genesis) 49:22 “אֶבֶן יִשְׂרָאֵל. לְשׁוֹן נוֹטְרִיקוֹן אָב וּבֵן, ’אֲבָהָן וּבְנִין‘, יַעֲקֹב וּבָנָיו”
  • Shemoth (Exodus) 20:12 “אִם תְּכַבֵּד יַאֲרִיכוּן יָמֶיךָ וְאִם לָאו יִקְצְרוּן. שֶׁדִּבְרֵי תוֹרָה נוֹטְרִיקוֹן הֵם נִדְרָשִׁים, מִכְּלָל הֵן לַאו וּמִכְּלָל לַאו הֵן”
  • Bamidbar (Numbers) 11:8 “דָּבָר אַחֵר, ‘לְשַׁד’ לְשׁוֹן נוֹטָרִיקוֹן לַ’יִשׁ שֶׁ’מֶן דְּ’בַשׁ, כְּעִסָּה הַנִּלּוֹשָׁה בְשֶׁמֶן וּקְטוּפָה בִדְבַשׁ.”
  • Bamidbar (Numbers) 22:32 “כִּי יָרַט הַדֶּרֶךְ לְנֶגְדִּי. רַבּוֹתֵינוּ חַכְמֵי הַמִּשְׁנָה דְּרָשׁוּהוּ נוֹטָרִיקוֹן, יָרְאָה, רָאֲתָה, נָטְתָה”

CHILUFEI OTIYOT

  • Atbash – exchanges each letter in a word or a phrase by opposite letters. Opposite letters are determined by substituting the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet (Aleph) with the last letter (Tav), the second letter (Bet) with the next to last (Shin), etc. The result can be interpreted as a secret message or calculated by the standard gematria methods. A few instances of Atbash are found already in the Hebrew Bible. For example, see Jeremiah 25:26, and 51:41, with Targum and Rashi.
  • Albam – the alphabet is divided in half, eleven letters in each section. The first letter of the first series is exchanged for the first letter of the second series, the second letter of the first series for the second letter of the second series and so forth.
  • Achbi – divides the alphabet into two equal groups of eleven letters. Within each group, the first letter is replaced by the last, the second by the tenth, etc.
  • Ayak Bakar – replaces each letter by another one that has a 10-times-greater value. The final letters usually signify the numbers from 500 to 900. Thousands is reduced to ones (1000 becomes 1, 2000 becomes 2 etc.)
  • Ofanim – replaces each letter by the last letter of its name (e.g. “Fe” for “Aleph”).
  • Akhas Beta – divides the alphabet into three groups of 7, 7 and 8 letters. Each letter is replaced cyclically by the corresponding letter of the next group. The letter Tav remains the same.
  • Avgad – replaces each letter by the next one. Tav becomes Aleph. The opposite operation is also used.

These notes are taken from Wikipedia on Gematria, and Notarikon.


REFERENCES

  1. Ohr Chadash – Gematria Search Tool