2 Corinthians 5
2 Corinthians 5:1
For we know that if the earthly house of our tent is dissolved, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal, in the heavens.
2 Corinthians 5:2
For most certainly in this we groan, longing to be clothed with our habitation which is from heaven;
2 Corinthians 5:3
if so be that being clothed we will not be found naked.
2 Corinthians 5:4
For indeed we who are in this tent do groan, being burdened; not that we desire to be unclothed, but that we desire to be clothed, that what is mortal may be swallowed up by life.
2 Corinthians 5:5
Now he who made us for this very thing is God, who also gave to us the down payment of the Spirit.
2 Corinthians 5:6
Therefore, we are always confident and know that while we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord;
2 Corinthians 5:7
for we walk by faith, not by sight.
2 Corinthians 5:8
We are courageous, I say, and are willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be at home with the Lord.
2 Corinthians 5:9
Therefore also we make it our aim, whether at home or absent, to be well pleasing to him.
2 Corinthians 5:10
For we must all be revealed before the judgment seat of Messiah; that each one may receive the things in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad.
2 Corinthians 5:11
Knowing therefore the fear of the Lord, we persuade men, but we are revealed to God; and I hope that we are revealed also in your consciences.
2 Corinthians 5:12
For we are not commending ourselves to you again, but speak as giving you occasion of boasting on our behalf, that you may have something to answer those who boast in appearance, and not in heart.
2 Corinthians 5:13
For if we are beside ourselves, it is for God. Or if we are of sober mind, it is for you.
2 Corinthians 5:14
For the love of Messiah constrains us; because we judge thus, that one died for all, therefore all died.
2 Corinthians 5:15
He died for all, that those who live should no longer live to themselves, but to him who for their sakes died and rose again.
2 Corinthians 5:16
Therefore we know no one after the flesh from now on. Even though we have known Messiah after the flesh, yet now we know him so no more.
2 Corinthians 5:17
Therefore if anyone is in Messiah, he is a new creation. The old things have passed away. Behold, all things have become new.
Midrash Rabbah says,
“AND I WILL MAKE OF YOU A GREAT NATION (Genesis 12:2). Said he to Him: Yet have You not caused the seventy nations to spring from Noah? He replied: That nation of which it is written, For what great nation is there, that has God so near unto them (Deut 4:7), them will I raise up from thee. ‘ R. Berekiah said: It is not written, ‘ And I will give you, or And I will set thee, but, AND I WILL MAKE YOU: i.e. after I have created you as a new creation you will be fruitful and multiply.”
Genesis Rabbah 39:11, Soncino Press Edition
Midrash Tehillim says,
This shall be written for the generation to come; and a people that shall be created shall praise the L-rd.” (Ps. 102:19)…These words refer to those generations that are guilty because of their wicked deeds, but who come and repent and pray before Thee on New Year’s Day and on the Day of Atonement, and thereby scour off their deeds, so that the Holy One, blessed be He, creates then anew, as it were.”
Midrash Tehillim on Psalm 102, translated by Rabbi William Braude, Yale University Press, Volume 2, pg 155
2 Corinthians 5:18
But all things are of God, who reconciled us to himself through Yeshua the Messiah, and gave to us the ministry of reconciliation;
2 Corinthians 5:19
namely, that God was in Messiah reconciling the world to himself, not reckoning to them their trespasses, and having committed to us the word of reconciliation.
2 Corinthians 5:20
We are therefore ambassadors on behalf of Messiah, as though God were entreating by us: we beg you on behalf of Messiah, be reconciled to God.
2 Corinthians 5:21
For him who knew no sin he made to be sin on our behalf; so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.
“Self-sacrifice is in this category, as in the case of Ten Martyrs who sacrificed their souls sanctifying God’s Name in order to unite the Holy One and Shekhina. As is known, the main unification is by self-sacrifice.”
– Likutey Moharan 260, Volume XI, translated by Moshe Mykoff, Breslov Research Institute, pg. 285
Likutey Moharan Commentary:
“…the Ari teaches that there are times when, due to people’s sins, all our attempts to effect a unification through devotions and mitzvot prove futile. This prevalence of sin and inability to alight the Divine personas results, rather, in a world beset by harsh decrees, or “judgments.” Then, the only way to effect a unification is by ultimate self-sacrifice – to give up their lives for God. One such time was when the Holy Temple was destroyed. Sin abounded then, and many souls and sparks of holiness became trapped in the kelipah, the realm impurity and evil. The only possibility of releasing those souls and sparks was by entering the realm of impurity itself. The Ten Martyrs, all very great and pure tzaddikim, undertook to do this. Accepting judgment upon themselves, the Ten Martyrs made the ultimate self-sacrifice, submitting their physical bodies to realm of the kelipah – the Romans, who tortured and murdered them. Through this “exchange” (for the bodies of these tzaddkim were so holy, they were equivalent to the souls of most other people), the Ten Martyrs rescued the trapped souls and sparks of holiness, whose elevation, an arousal of energy from below, brought about a unification of the Holy One and His Shekhinah in the Upper Worlds.”
– Commentary to Likutey Moharan, Volume XI, pg. 284