It happened, when he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a Sabbath to eat bread, that they were watching him.
Behold, a certain man who had dropsy was in front of him.
Yeshua, answering, spoke to the Torah scholars and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?
But they were silent. He took him, and healed him, and let him go.
He answered them, Which of you, if your son or an ox fell into a well, wouldn’t immediately pull him out on a Sabbath day?
“They remove debris for one whose life is in doubt on the Sabbath. And the one who is prompt n the matter, lo, this one is to be praised. And it is not necessary to get permission from a court. How so? If one fell into the ocean and cannot climb up, or if his ship is sinking into the sea, and he cannot climb up, they go down and pull him out of there. And it is not necessary to get permission from a court. If he fell into a pit and cannot get out, they let down a chain to him and climb down and pull him out of there. And it is not necessary to get permission from a court.”
Tosefta, Shabbat 15:11-12, Translated by Jacob Neusner, Hendrickson Publishers, Volume I, pg. 417
They couldn’t answer him regarding these things.
He spoke a parable to those who were invited, when he noticed how they chose the best seats, and said to them,
When you are invited by anyone to a marriage feast, don’t sit in the best seat, since perhaps someone more honorable than you might be invited by him,
and he who invited both of you would come and tell you, Make room for this person. Then you would begin, with shame, to take the lowest place.
But when you are invited, go and sit in the lowest place, so that when he who invited you comes, he may tell you, Friend, move up higher. Then you will be honored in the presence of all who sit at the table with you.
For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.
“ . . . he who humbles himself for the sake of the Torah in this world is magnified in the next; and he who makes himself a servant to the [study of the] Torah in this world becomes free in the next.”
Baba Metzia 85b, Soncino Press Edition
The Midrash Rabbah says,
“Hillel to say: ‘ My self-abasement is my exaltation, my self-exaltation is my abasement. What is the proof?-He that raises himself is to [be made to] sit down, he that abases himself is to be [raised so that he is] seen (Ps. CXIII, 5 f.).2 You find that when the Holy One, blessed be He, revealed Himself to Moses from the midst of the thorn-bush, the latter hid his face from Him, as it is said, And Moses hid his face, etc. (Ex. III, 6). Because of this, the Holy One, blessed be He, said to him, Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh (ib. III, 10).”
Vayikra Rabbah 1:5, Soncino Press Edition
He also said to the one who had invited him, When you make a dinner or a supper, don’t call your friends, nor your brothers, nor your kinsmen, nor rich neighbors, or perhaps they might also return the favor, and pay you back.
But when you make a feast, ask the poor, the maimed, the lame, or the blind;
and you will be blessed, because they don’t have the resources to repay you. For you will be repaid in the resurrection of the righteous.
When one of those who sat at the table with him heard these things, he said to him, Blessed is he who will feast in the Kingdom of God!
But he said to him, A certain man made a great supper, and he invited many people.
He sent out his servant at supper time to tell those who were invited, Come, for everything is ready now.
They all as one began to make excuses. The first said to him, I have bought a field, and I must go and see it. Please have me excused.
Another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I must go try them out. Please have me excused.
Another said, I have married a wife, and therefore I cant come.
That servant came, and told his lord these things. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in the poor, maimed, blind, and lame.
The servant said, Lord, it is done as you commanded, and there is still room.
The lord said to the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
For I tell you that none of those men who were invited will taste of my supper.
Now great multitudes were going with him. He turned and said to them,
If anyone comes to me, and doesn’t disregard his own father, mother, wife, children, brothers, and sisters, yes, and his own life also, he cant be my disciple.
Whoever doesn’t bear his own cross, and come after me, cant be my disciple.
For which of you, desiring to build a tower, doesnt first sit down and count the cost, to see if he has enough to complete it?
Or perhaps, when he has laid a foundation, and is not able to finish, everyone who sees begins to mock him,
saying, This man began to build, and wasn’t able to finish.
Or what king, as he goes to encounter another king in war, will not sit down first and consider whether he is able with ten thousand to meet him who comes against him with twenty thousand?
Or else, while the other is yet a great way off, he sends an envoy, and asks for conditions of peace.
So therefore whoever of you who doesn’t renounce all that he has, he cant be my disciple.
Salt is good, but if the salt becomes flat and tasteless, with what do you season it?