Luke 20:1
It happened on one of those days, as he was teaching the people in the temple and proclaiming the Good News, that the priests and scribes came to him with the elders.

Luke 20:2
They asked him, “Tell us, By what authority do you do these things? Or who is giving you this authority?”

Luke 20:3
He answered them, “I also will ask you one question. Tell me,

Luke 20:4
the immersion of Yochanan, was it from heaven, or from men?”

Luke 20:5
They reasoned with themselves, saying, “If we say, From heaven, he will say, Why didn’t you believe him?

Luke 20:6
But if we say, From men, all the people will stone us, for they are persuaded that Yochanan was a prophet.”

Luke 20:7
They answered that they didn’t know where it was from.

Luke 20:8
Yeshua said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.”

Luke 20:9
He began to tell the people this parable. “A man planted a vineyard, and rented it out to some farmers, and went into another country for a long time.

Luke 20:10
At the proper season, he sent a servant to the farmers to collect his share of the fruit of the vineyard. But the farmers beat him, and sent him away empty.

Luke 20:11
He sent yet another servant, and they also beat him, and treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty.

Luke 20:12
He sent yet a third, and they also wounded him, and threw him out.

Luke 20:13
The lord of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved son. It may be that seeing him, they will respect him.’

Luke 20:14
But when the farmers saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, ‘This is the heir. Come, lets kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.’

Luke 20:15
They threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore will the lord of the vineyard do to them?

Luke 20:16
He will come and destroy these farmers, and will give the vineyard to others. When they heard it, they said, May it never be!

Luke 20:17
But he looked at them, and said, “Then what is this that is written, ‘The stone which the builders rejected, the same was made the chief cornerstone?’

Luke 20:18
Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces, but it will crush whomever it falls on to dust.”

Luke 20:19
The chief priests and the scribes sought to lay hands on him that very hour, but they feared the people – for they knew he had spoken this parable against them.

Luke 20:20
They watched him, and sent out spies, who pretended to be righteous, that they might trap him in something he said, so as to deliver him up to the power and authority of the governor.

Luke 20:21
They asked him, “Rabbi, we know that you say and teach what is right, and are not partial to anyone, but truly teach the way of God.

Luke 20:22
Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?”

Luke 20:23
But he perceived their craftiness, and said to them, “Why do you test me?

Luke 20:24
Show me a denarius. Whose image and inscription are on it?” They answered, “Caesar’s.”

Luke 20:25
He said to them, “Then give to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”

For more information, please see our commentary, The Image of the Emperor.

Luke 20:26
They weren’t able to trap him in his words before the people. They marveled at his answer, and were silent.

Luke 20:27
Some of the Sadducees came to him, those who deny that there is a resurrection.

Luke 20:28
They asked him, “Rabbi, Moses wrote to us that if a mans brother dies having a wife, and he is childless, his brother should take the wife, and raise up children for his brother.

Luke 20:29
There were therefore seven brothers. The first took a wife, and died childless.

Luke 20:30
The second took her as wife, and he died childless.

Luke 20:31
The third took her, and likewise the seven all left no children, and died.

Luke 20:32
Afterward the woman also died.

Luke 20:33
Therefore in the resurrection whose wife of them will she be? For the seven had her as a wife.”

Luke 20:34
Yeshua said to them, “The children of this age marry, and are given in marriage.

Luke 20:35
But those who are considered worthy to attain to that age and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage.

“The World to Come is not like this world.  In the World-to-Come there is no eating, no drinking, no procreation, no business negotiations, no jealousy, no hatred, and no competition. Rather, the righteous sit with their crowns upon their heads, enjoying the splendor of the Divine Presence, as it is stated: “And they beheld God, and they ate and drank” (Exodus 24:11), meaning that beholding God’s countenance is tantamount to eating and drinking.”
Berakhot 17a, The William Davidson Talmud,

Luke 20:36
For they can’t die any more, for they are like the angels, and are children of God, being children of the resurrection.

Luke 20:37
But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed at the bush, when he called the Lord The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.

Luke 20:38
Now he is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for all are alive to him.

Luke 20:39
Some of the scribes answered, “Rabbi, you speak well.”

Luke 20:40
They didn’t dare to ask him any more questions.

Luke 20:41
He said to them, “Why do they say that the Messiah is David‘s son?

Luke 20:42
David himself says in the scroll of Psalms, “Hashem said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand,

Luke 20:43
until I make your enemies the footstool of your feet.”

Luke 20:44
David therefore calls him ‘Lord’, so how is he his son?”

Luke 20:45
In the hearing of all the people, he said to his disciples,

Luke 20:46
Beware of the scribes, who like to walk in long robes, and love greetings in the marketplaces, the best seats in the synagogues, and the best places at feasts;

Luke 20:47
who devour widows houses, and for a pretense make long prayers: these will receive greater condemnation.