It happened soon afterwards, that he went about through cities and villages, proclaiming and bringing the good news of the Kingdom of God. With him were the twelve,
and certain women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities: Miriam who was called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out,
and Yochanah, the wife of Kuza, Herod’s steward, Shoshanah, and many others, who served them from their possessions.
When a great multitude came together, and people from every city were coming to him, he spoke by a parable.
The farmer went out to sow his seed. As he sowed, some fell along the road, and it was trampled under foot, and the birds of the sky devoured it.
Other seed fell on the rock, and as soon as it grew, it withered away, because it had no moisture.
Other fell amid the thorns, and the thorns grew with it, and choked it.
Other fell into the good ground, and grew, and brought forth fruit one hundred times. As he said these things, he called out, He who has ears to hear, let him hear!
Then his disciples asked him, ‘What does this parable mean?’
He said, ‘To you it is given to know the mysteries of the Kingdom of God, but to the rest in parables; that seeing they may not see, and hearing they may not understand.
Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God.
Those along the road are those who hear, then the devil comes, and takes away the word from their heart, that they may not believe and be saved.
Those on the rock are they who, when they hear, receive the word with joy; but these have no root, who believe for a while, then fall away in time of temptation.
That which fell among the thorns, these are those who have heard, and as they go on their way they are choked with cares, riches, and pleasures of life, and bring no fruit to maturity.
That in the good ground, these are such as in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, hold it tightly, and bring forth fruit with patience.
No one, when he has lit a lamp, covers it with a container, or puts it under a bed, but puts it on a stand, that those who enter in may see the light.
For nothing is hidden, that will not be revealed; nor anything secret, that will not be known and come to light.
Be careful therefore how you hear. For whoever has, to him will be given; and whoever doesnt have, from him will be taken away even that which he thinks he has.
His mother and brothers came to him, and they could not come near him for the crowd.
It was told him by some saying, Your mother and your brothers stand outside, desiring to see you.
But he answered them, My mother and my brothers are these who hear the word of God, and do it.
The Ramak commenting on Midrash Rabbah says,
הנה הקדוש ברוך הוא מתנהג עם ישראל בדרך זו. אומר “מה אעשה לישראל והם קרובי, שאר בשר לי עמהם”, שהם בת זוג להקדוש ברוך הוא, וקורא לה בתי, אחותי, אמי, כדרשו ז”ל
The Holy One, Blessed is He, conducts Himself towards [Bnei] Yisroel in this way: He says, “What shall I do for Bnei Israel, who are My ‘relatives’? I have with them a family relationship!” For they are the “spouse” of the Holy One, Blessed is He, and He [also] calls them, “My daughter,” “My sister,” and “My mother,” as our sages (Medrash Shir HaShirim 3:25] explain.”
Rabbi Moshe Cordovero, Tomer Devorah 1.4, pg 12, edited by Rabbi Dov Fink and Rabbi Shimon Finkelman
Now it happened on one of those days, that he entered into a boat, himself and his disciples, and he said to them, Lets go over to the other side of the lake. So they launched out.
But as they sailed, he fell asleep. A wind storm came down on the lake, and they were taking on dangerous amounts of water.
They came to him, and awoke him, saying, Master, master, we are dying! He awoke, and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water, and they ceased, and it was calm.
He said to them, Where is your faith? Being afraid they marveled, saying one to another, Who is this, then, that he commands even the winds and the water, and they obey him?
They arrived at the country of the Gadarenes, which is opposite Galilee.
When Yeshua stepped ashore, a certain man out of the city who had demons for a long time met him. He wore no clothes, and didnt live in a house, but in the tombs.
When he saw Yeshua, he cried out, and fell down before him, and with a loud voice said, What do I have to do with you, Yeshua, you Son of the Most High God? I beg you, dont torment me!
For Yeshua was commanding the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For the unclean spirit had often seized the man. He was kept under guard, and bound with chains and fetters. Breaking the bands apart, he was driven by the demon into the desert.
Yeshua asked him, What is your name? He said, ‘Legion,’ for many demons had entered into him.
They begged him that he would not command them to go into the abyss.
Now there was there a herd of many pigs feeding on the mountain, and they begged him that he would allow them to enter into those. He allowed them.
The demons came out from the man, and entered into the pigs, and the herd rushed down the steep bank into the lake, and were drowned.
When those who fed them saw what had happened, they fled, and told it in the city and in the country.
People went out to see what had happened. They came to Yeshua, and found the man from whom the demons had gone out, sitting at Yeshuas feet, clothed and in his right mind; and they were afraid.
Those who saw it told them how he who had been possessed by demons was healed.
All the people of the surrounding country of the Gadarenes asked him to depart from them, for they were very much afraid. He entered into the boat, and returned.
But the man from whom the demons had gone out begged him that he might go with him, but Yeshua sent him away, saying,
Return to your house, and declare what great things God has done for you. He went his way, proclaiming throughout the whole city what great things Yeshua had done for him.
It happened, when Yeshua returned, that the multitude welcomed him, for they were all waiting for him.
Behold, there came a man named Yair, and he was a ruler of the synagogue. He fell down at Yeshua’s feet, and begged him to come into his house,
for he had an only daughter, about twelve years of age, and she was dying. But as he went, the multitudes pressed against him.
A woman who had a flow of blood for twelve years, who had spent all her living on physicians, and could not be healed by any,
The ‘flow of blood’ the woman was experiencing was a continuous menstrual condition (zavah), which rendered her ritually unclean, and unable to have sexual intercourse if she was married. This was not a regular monthly flow, but a flow that lasted many days, rendering her status not as a niddah, but a zavah, one with an abnormal flow of blood. Delitzsch reconstructs the Hebrew as follows:
וְאִשָּׁה זָבַת דָּם שְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה
“And a woman with flow of blood (zavat dam) twelve years…”
Leviticus 15 states,
וְאִשָּׁה כִּֽי־יָזוּב זֹוב דָּמָהּ יָמִים רַבִּים
“And if a woman has a flow of her blood many days…”
“And if a woman has an issue, and her issue from her body is blood, she shall be impure (niddah) for seven days: and whosoever touches her shall be unclean until the evening. And everything that she lies upon in her separation (niddah) shall be unclean: everything also that she sits upon shall be unclean. And whoever touches her bed shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening. . . And if a woman has an issue (zov) of her blood many days out of the time of her separation (niddah), or if it flows beyond the time of her separation (niddah), all the days of the issue of her uncleanness shall be as the days of her separation (niddah): she shall be unclean.”
In today’s society, many women have difficulty during the time of menstruation. Imagine dealing with this for twelve years. To make matters worse, she experienced this condition in a society where ritual impurity was incredibly important, as the Temple stood in the foreground of daily life. Such emphasis on ritual purity is not seen today like it was in the times of the Second Temple. She was probably avoided on all sides, from all people, who did not wish to become ritually unclean. In essence, this flow probably destroyed her life. With the importance that ritual purity was held in the times of the Temple, we can see why the woman approached Yeshua from behind, thinking that he may not want to make contact with her. She was perhaps accustomed to people avoiding her, and though her self confidence was crushed through years of emotional pain, it was overcome only by her extreme desperation to find healing.
came behind him, and touched the fringe of his cloak, and immediately the flow of her blood stopped.
In the book of Malachi it says,
וְזָרְחָה לָכֶם יִרְאֵי שְׁמִי שֶׁמֶשׁ צְדָקָה וּמַרְפֵּא בִּכְנָפֶיהָ
“But to you who fear My Name the Sun of Righteousness shall arise with healing in His wings.”
The Midrash Rabbah comments,
“Moses asked: ‘shall they remain in pledge forever?’ G-d replied: ‘No, only until the sun appears’, that is, till the coming of the Messiah, for it says, But unto you that fear My name shall the sun of righteousness arise with healing in its wings.”
Exodus Rabbah 31:10, Soncino Press Edition
In the books of Numbers and Deuteronomy, the Torah uses the word כּנף (kanaph) for the commandment of the tzitzit (fringes):
דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם וְעָשׂוּ לָהֶם צִיצִת עַל־כַּנְפֵי בִגְדֵיהֶם לְדֹרֹתָם וְנָתְנוּ עַל־צִיצִת הַכָּנָף פְּתִיל תְּכֵֽלֶת׃
“Again HaShem spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the children of Israel: Tell them to make tassels (tzitziyot) on the corners (kanaph) of their garments throughout their generations, and to put a blue thread in the tassels of the corners.”
Numbers 15:38, cf. Devarim 22:12
The “kanaph” of a garment was the corner, edge, or “hem”.
Yeshua said, Who touched me? When all denied it, Peter and those with him said, Master, the multitudes press and jostle you, and you say, Who touched me?
But Yeshua said, ‘Someone did touch me, for I perceived that power has gone out of me.’
When the woman saw that she was not hidden, she came trembling, and falling down before him declared to him in the presence of all the people the reason why she had touched him, and how she was healed immediately.
He said to her, ‘Daughter, cheer up. Your faith has made you well. Go in peace.’
When Yeshua asked who had touched Him, she became afraid, because she, being ritually unclean, touched the corner His garment. Rather than being chastised for her action, the merciful Messiah said unto her, “Daughter, be of good cheer, your faith has made you well. Go in shalom.” She could now truly live in shalom, complete peace, as she found healing in the Wings of the Sun of Righteousness, in the kanaph of His garment.
While he still spoke, one from the ruler of the synagogues house came, saying to him, Your daughter is dead. Don’t trouble the Rabbi.
But Yeshua hearing it, answered him, ‘Do not be afraid. Only believe, and she will be healed.’
When he came to the house, he didn’t allow anyone to enter in, except Peter, Yochanan, Jacob, the father of the child, and her mother.
All were weeping and mourning her, but he said, Dont weep. She isn’t dead, but sleeping.
They were ridiculing him, knowing that she was dead.
But he put them all outside, and taking her by the hand, he called, saying, ‘Child, arise!’
Her spirit returned, and she rose up immediately. He commanded that something be given to her to eat.
Preparing for a study on this chapter. Really appreciated the information that was provided here!